Mood Disorders

Depression, Anxiety, and Bipolar Disorders

The most common types of mood disorders are major depression, dysthymia (dysthymic disorder), bipolar disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, and substance-induced mood disorder.


What Is Depression?

Depression is a common, but serious medical condition that goes beyond the occasional feeling of sadness. Depression interferes with your daily life and may last for many years. People with depression experience different symptoms with varying severity, frequency, and duration. No matter what your depression looks like, it is treatable.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Depression?

Some signs and symptoms may include:

  • Persistent sad and/or anxious feelings
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Agitation or irritability
  • Lack of interest in activities that were once enjoyable
  • Difficulty with sleep (excessive sleeping, insomnia)
  • Feeling over-tired
  • Not being able to concentrate or remember details
  • Overeating or not wanting to eat at all
  • Thoughts of suicide
Who Gets Depression?

Depression is a common mental disorder, experienced by people of all different ages. Women are statistically more likely to experience depression than men.

What Are The Treatment Options?

After being diagnosed with depression, medication and psychotherapy can help to effectively treat and manage this condition.

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder or manic-depressive illness is a serious condition. People with bipolar disorder go through irregular shifts in moods, energy, and behavior. Bipolar mood shifts are called “mood episodes.” People may have manic episodes, depressive episodes, or “mixed” episodes. A mixed episode has both manic and depressive symptoms.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of A Bipolar Disorder?


People having a manic episode may:

  • Feel very “up” or “high”, “jumpy” or “wired”
  • Talk really fast about a lot of different things
  • Think they can do a lot of things at once
  • Be agitated, irritable, or “touchy”
  • Have trouble relaxing or sleeping
  • Engage in impulsive or risky behaviors

People having a depressive episode may:

  • Feel very “down” or sad
  • Feel worried, empty, and/or hopeless
  • Have very little energy
  • Have trouble with concentration and memory
  • Lose interest in fun activities and become less active
Who Gets Bipolar Disorders?

Anyone can develop bipolar disorder. It often starts in a person’s late teen or early adult years, but children can also have bipolar disorder. The illness usually lasts a lifetime, but can be treated and managed.

What Are The Mood Disorders Treatment Options?

After being diagnosed with bipolar disorder, medication and psychotherapy can help to effectively treat and manage this condition.

What Is Anxiety?

Anxiety disorders involve more than temporary worry or fear. For a person with an anxiety disorder, the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. These feelings can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school, work, and relationships.

What Are The Main Types Of Anxiety Disorders?
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
  • Panic Disorder
  • Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Anxiety?


Unlike the relatively mild and brief anxiety caused by a specific event, anxiety associated with a disorder generally lasts longer and might benefit from evaluation and treatment. Each anxiety disorder has different symptoms, but all the symptoms cluster around excessive, irrational fear and dread.

Signs and symptoms of GENERALIZED ANXIETY may include:

  • Feelings of fear and uneasiness
  • An inability to be still and calm
  • Problems sleeping
  • Difficulty concentrating

Signs and symptoms of PANIC DISORDER may include:

  • Sudden and repeated attacks of intense fear
  • Feelings of being out of control during a panic attack
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations

Signs and symptoms of OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD) may include:

  • Repeated thoughts, urges, or mental images that cause anxiety
  • Repetitive behavior used to neutralize those thoughts
  • Significant problems in daily life due to these thoughts and compulsion

Signs and symptoms of SOCIAL ANXIETY may include:

  • Avoid any interaction with others
  • Fear that others will judge
  • Feeling nauseous when other people are around

Signs and symptoms of PTSD may include:

  • Nightmares
  • Being easily startled
  • Distorted feelings of guilt or blame
  • Irritability
Who Gets Anxiety?

Like any other medical or mental condition, anyone may develop an anxiety disorder.

What Are The Treatment Options?

Anxiety disorders are treatable. Sometimes a physical evaluation is advisable to determine whether a person’s anxiety is associated with a physical illness. If anxiety is diagnosed, the pattern of co-occurring symptoms should be identified, as well as any coexisting conditions, such as depression, eating disorders, or substance abuse. With proper treatment, many people with anxiety disorders can lead a normal and fulfilling life.

Do you feel any Mood Disorders signs?

OCHPA offers individual services as well, such as personal psychiatry, psychological assessment, psychological testing. To learn more, click on the Individual Services tab. Our service area covers Irvine, Newport Beach, Mission Viejo, Lake Forest, and all over Orange County

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